This Sunday, group classes will resume after the summer break. And they will resume with one of my favourite classes to teach: yin yoga followed by a yoga nidra session. While most people will be aware of what we mean by yin yoga, yoga nidra is still a little obscure to most.
Yoga nidra means ‘yogic sleep’ in Sanskrit. If yoga is “the practice of stilling the fluctuations of the mind”, according to the “father” of yoga Patanjali, I believe that yoga nidra is the perfect example of why this is the case. Each time you practice yoga nidra, you’re stilling the waves of the mind through conscious relaxation. Your body will be completely asleep, while your mind will be awake and relaxed.
As a matter of fact, it is a state of consciousness between waking and sleeping, like the “going-to-sleep” stage. It’s a state in which you will become systematically and increasingly aware of your inner world by following a set of verbal instructions provided by the teacher. This state of consciousness is different from meditation, in which concentration on a single focus is required. In yoga nidra you will be guided into a state of light withdrawal of the 5 senses (a state called pratyahara) with four of your senses being internalised and only the hearing still connected to the outside world – meaning to the teacher’s verbal instructions. The only thing that is required of you is to listen to the teacher’s voice while in savasana – corpse pose. Nothing else.
What is the science behind yoga nidra?
You start with sensing the body and breathing in specific ways in order to trigger the relaxation response. In the process, your brain shifts from beta, an awakened state with lots of brain activity, to alpha, a more relaxed state. In alpha, the mood-regulating hormone serotonin gets released, and this calms you down. People who spend little time in an alpha brain-wave state have more anxiety than those who spend more time in alpha.
From alpha, you go into a deep alpha and high theta brain-wave state, the dream state, REM sleep. In theta, your thoughts slow down to 4 to 8 thoughts per second. This is where super learning happens. Kids and artists experience a lot more theta activity in their brains.
After theta, you are guided to delta. This is the most restorative state, in which your organs regenerate and the stress hormone cortisol is removed from your system. When you’re put under anesthesia, you’re put into a delta brain-wave state. In our modern Western society, very few people are going into the deep states of sleep like theta and delta on a regular basis, and as a consequence, our bodies are not powering down and getting the chance to restore themselves.
From delta, the guided yoga nidra experience takes you down into an even deeper brain-wave state — one that can’t be reached through conventional sleep. In this fourth state of consciousness, below delta, your brain is thoughtless. This state is sort of like a complete loss of consciousness, but you are awake. This state is one of such a deep surrender, where your consciousness is so far away from the physical body, that living here every day would be difficult. Not everyone who practices yoga nidra touches this state, it takes practice to reach it.
After you touch into the fourth state of consciousness, you are guided back to a waking state. Again, you couldn’t live in this fourth state, but as a result of touching into it, you bring a little of its peace back with you to your waking, everyday brain state. You also are able to rewire your thoughts and emotions because your subconscious mind in this fourth state is fertile, more open to intentions and affirmations, than it is when you are in your waking state. As a consequence, in your everyday life, you begin to rest more and more in the space between emotions and thoughts, and this resting in this space gives rise to a sense of freedom, where you are not triggered so much by the stuff in your life.
While yoga nidra is not a substitute for sleep, it is commonly said (although there is still some debate over the science that backs this up) that 45 minutes of yogic sleep feels like 3 hours of regular sleep. What is certain is that yoga nidra improves overall health, both physical and mental. It is often used to help people suffering from PTSD, e.g. former military or victims of sexual assault.
I love teaching yoga nidra, or rather guiding someone through a yoga nidra session. It is incredible to see the peaceful look on someone’s face after they have practiced yoga nidra. I believe it is the most beautiful gift to offer to another person.
I hope you will soon come check it out for yourself and see what benefits this practice can bring to your day-to-day life.
(inspired and adapted from Yoga Journal: Yoga Nidra for Better Sleep)
For those who wish to learn more about yoga and some of its benefits, these are the 5 things that happened to me thanks to a regular yoga practice. This is all very personal and may not be true for everyone though.
In no particular order:
The bad news is that the positive effects you feel in the immediate aftermath of the asana practice don’t last forever. There needs to be a certain rigour and discipline in the practice for them to keep materialising. The good news is that over time we internalise some of the teachings offered to us by this practice.
In essence, what does yoga do to me? It brings out my best self.
Lately I’ve been thinking a lot about the concept of pratyahara – or the withdrawal of the senses.
Pratyahara is one of Patanjali’s so called 8 limbs of yoga. I find it one of the most interesting, yet most overlooked limbs. While it is clear how to practice some of the other limbs – for instance, asana (the postures), the main limb practiced in contemporary Western yoga; or pranayama (breath work) – it is quite challenging, almost unimaginable, to think about how to practice pratyahara in our modern society. How do we withdraw from our senses – sight, taste, hearing, touch and smell? And why would we even want to do that? Aren’t our senses the ones enabling us to enjoy so many beautiful things in life? I agree, it is amazing to taste a good meal, to look at a sunrise, to listen to the sounds of the waves by the sea, and I consider myself incredibly fortunate to be able to enjoy this and much more in my life.
However, in our modern lives the problem arises when we are subject to a sensory overload through a constant information bombardment, and our lives become hostages of external influences that make their way to us through our senses. It becomes a problem when we go from one thing to the next without any awareness or when we “multitask” – something which somehow has been positively labelled in our productive society. In essence, when we are being led by our senses without consciously deciding what to pay attention to. How many times has it happened to us to open one of our social media accounts just to “check one quick thing” only to find ourselves sucked into a black hole of scrolling, jumping from one account to the other and checking out pictures of people we have never even met, avidly consuming instant information only to realise we just wasted two hours on social media, which we had not planned to spend that way? I’m sure most of us can relate to this. Responding to the world isn’t a problem in itself; it becomes a problem when I respond on autopilot mode rather than with actions I consciously choose.
Personally, I sometimes get overwhelmed by all of this external bombardment and feel the need to withdraw. Having always lived in cities and not being in close contact with nature doesn’t make it easier. Sometimes I feel the need to just sit on my own in a quiet room, close my eyes and just sink inside myself, withdrawing from everything else.
Sense withdrawal and relaxation doesn’t mean being passive, but being more controlled, trained and focused. It’s non-reaction to just anything that passes by. It’s conscious witnessing. Yoga teaches me to turn inwards and practice introspection. It teaches us to feel all of our feelings deeply and face our emotions, even if they are uncomfortable instead of being easily distracted by whatever pops up. Yoga teaches me to be more productive and focused in my everyday life and work, even though it looks like I am slower. I find that practicing pratyahara gives me a deeper conscious awareness and helps me in choosing what to act upon.
At the end of the day, practicing yoga in itself is practicing pratyahara
“Withdrawing the senses helps us come into the present moment without any filters. To come to a blank state where there is no projection, where we simply are.”BKS Iyengar